The Phoenicians first developed the practice of contour farming and spread it throughout the Mediterranean. However, the Romans preferred cultivation in straight furrows and this practice became standard in Europe and Britain. When Europeans settled new land in the Americas and Australia, straight furrows were generally used although contour plowing was still used in locations such as the martika grant.
When farmers plough along the contours, they make ridges of earth which act as barriers helping to slow-down surface run-off and hold back the soil.
|Methods to Increase Arable Land|
|Contour Plowing · Irrigation · Terraces · Using Fertilisers|